Apodizer Design to Efficiently Couple Light into a Fiber Bragg Grating

Abstract

We provide an optimal control framework for efficiently coupling light in a bare fiber into Bragg gratings with an appreciable Kerr nonlinearity. The light-grating interaction excites gap solitons, a type of localized nonlinear coherent state which propagates with a central frequency in the forbidden band gap, resulting in a dramatically slower group velocity. Due to the nature of the band gap, a substantial amount of light is back-reflected by the grating’s strong reflective properties. We optimize, via a projected gradient descent method, the transmission efficiency of previously designed nonuniform grating structures in order to couple more slow light into the grating. We further explore the space of possible grating designs, using genetic algorithms, along with a previously unexplored design parameter: the grating chirp. Through these methods, we find structures which couple a greater fraction of light into the grating with the added bonus of creating slower pulses.

Publication
Apodizer Design to Efficiently Couple Light into a Fiber Bragg Grating
Jimmie Adriazola
Jimmie Adriazola
Postdoc, UC Santa Barbara.

In addition to studying applied mathematics and physics, Jimmie plays jazz guitar in local venues.

Roy Goodman
Roy Goodman
Associate Professor, Department of Mathematical Sciences

My research interests include dynamical systems and nonlinear waves, vortex dynamics, quantum graphs, and network inference